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North Atlantic’s blooming colours

Image of a huge phytoplankton bloom in the North Atlantic Ocean

NASA’s Terra satellite captured this natural-colour image of a huge phytoplankton bloom in the North Atlantic Ocean.

  • Phytoplankton are tiny marine organisms
  • Bloom in Atlantic waters in spring and summer
  • Satellite image from NASA’s Terra satellite

Late May 2010 brought peacock-hued swirls of blue and green to the North Atlantic. The iridescent waters formed a giant arc hundreds of kilometres across, extending from west of Ireland to the Bay of Biscay.

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this natural-colour image on May 22, 2010.

The vibrant colours are from tiny organisms, phytoplankton, that grow explosively in the North Atlantic—from Iceland to the shores of France—in the spring and summer.

Phytoplankton require nutrients to reproduce, and phytoplankton blooms are often tied to events that bring nutrients to the ocean surface, such as dust plumes. Volcanic ash can also contribute nutrients for phytoplankton blooms.

See the full-size image here (2MB, will open in a new window).

Researchers from the University of Hamburg’s Institute of Geophysics found that a 2008 eruption of the Kasotochi Volcano in the Aleutian Islands generated a massive phytoplankton bloom in the Northeast Pacific Ocean.

They concluded that iron-rich ash falling on waters that are otherwise poor in iron can create conditions in which phytoplankton thrive.

MODIS acquired this image after weeks of eruptive activity at Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano. Considering that ash plumes from that volcano closed airspace over much of Europe, one might wonder whether ash provided fertilizer for this bloom. In this case, the answer is probably no. The North Atlantic Ocean already contains plenty of iron, and these waters experience massive phytoplankton blooms every spring and summer.

NASA image by Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team. Text adapted from information issued by Holli Riebeek and Michon Scott.